Greece - General Information
Following the serious collision at Tempi, near Larissa on the Athens – Thessaloniki main line on 28 February 2023, all rail services operated by Hellenic Train in Greece were suspended and replaced by buses. From 22 March 2023 the following train services have been reinstated:
- Piraeus – Athens Airport
- Ano Liosia – Athens Airport
- Ano Liosia – Kantza
- Athens – Chalkida
- Patras suburban services
- Olympia – Katakolo
- Diakofto – Kalavryta
From 3 April 2023 further services have been reinstated:
- Athens – Thessaloniki (IC services)
- [Athens –] Palaeofarsalos – Kalambaka
From 7 April 2023 services resumed on the Kiato line as far as Magoula, with bus replacement from there to Kiato.
Services on other lines are due to be reinstated in stages until the end of April, by when all train services are expected to have resumed. Check the Hellenic Train website for updates.
National Railway System
All railway infrastructure in Greece is owned and maintained by OSE (Organismos Sidirodromon Ellados, or Ο.Σ.Ε., Οργανισμός Σιδηροδρόμων Ελλάδος).
National Railway Operator
Train services are operated by Trainose/ΤραινΟΣΕ. Suburban traffic in Attika (Piraeus - Athens - SKA - Halkida and Athens Airport - SKA - Kiato) and Makedonia (Thessaloniki – Domokos) is operated under the brand name Proastiakos (Suburban Railway).
Trainose was transferred to the Hellenic Republic Asset Development Fund in 2013 in preparation for privatisation and a sale to Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane which completed on 14 September 2017. The company rebranded as Hellenic Train in 2022.
Greek. There is no single transcription mapping between Greek script and Roman script. In addition Greek spellings have changed over the years and some stations may bear names printed using now obsolete Greek spellings. In smaller places served by the railway system, away from the main tourist areas, older people may only speak one of the Greek dialects.
Placenames shown in EGTRE endeavour to use the same transliteration as the journey selection box in Journey planner. Note that in some cases a different English spelling is used on station nameboards and as mentioned above another spelling may be carved / painted on the station. A final source of confusion is within the journey planner where yet another spelling is sometimes used in the train timings pop-up window.
numeric 73; alpha GR
Note that trains shown in the journey planner with train numbers prefixed "C" and suffixed "(ΛΕΩΦ)" are operated by buses.
PDF files are available as links, or directly, from the following pages:-
- Intercity timetable Timetable PDF files have not been here since July 2022
- Suburban railways around Athens PDFs in English
- Thessaloniki suburban railways maps in English
- Patras Suburban railways PDF in English
- Olympia to Pyrgos and Katakolo
- International Services out of date information as at December 2022
The Hellenic Trains announcements webpage, may give details of engineering work in Greek only, although as at December 2022 it has not been updated since Jan 2021.
- Eisenbahnatlas Griechenland by Schweers + Wall.
- European Railway Atlas (All-Europe Edition) by M.G. Ball.
- European Railway Atlas (Regional Series - The Balkans) by M.G. Ball.
- Railway Map of Greece by Quail Map Company.
- Thorsten Büker's Map of Greek Network / Χαρτης ελληνικου δικτυου a useful single sheet overview dated May 2011 but no longer being updated.
ΟΣΕ and Proastikos trains and buses can all be used by tickets purchased On line. Purchase of long-distance trains, suburban trains, and the narrow gauge services from Ano Lekhonia to Milies or Diakofto to Kalavryta is possible without registering as a "Member"; use the trip finder / search train schedules function to identify and select the train / connecting trains you want to book, then click the "Seat selection and Passengers" button at the top right, to select your seats (on long distance trains or buses), add the passenger's name and click "Payment" in the top right. These services can be very crowded so reservations are desirable but Reserved seats are not marked as such. Note there is a discount for anyone over 65 of between 20% and 50%.
OSE (Organismos Sidirodromon Ellados) / Ο.Σ.Ε. (Οργανισμός Σιδηροδρόμων Ελλάδος) determines the overall strategy and manages railway infrastructure.
ERGOSE SA manages most railway modernisation projects.
The network statement can be found here 
Standard, including the new Athens - Kiato (- Patras) line. The Peloponnese lines from Piraeus to Patras, Olympia and Kalamata etc are/were metre gauge. The rack line from Diakopto to Kalavryta is 750 mm gauge. The Pelion line from Ano Lechonia to Milies is 600 mm gauge.
25 kV 50 Hz.
Athens metro and tramways are 750 V dc.
Rule of the road
The Network Statement Annexes above (file 2 of 2) give distances for each station; see ANNEX Ι-Α: Infrastructure Data.
- Diakopto – Kalavryta (22 km long, part rack-fitted) (750 mm gauge)
- Pelion Railway Ano Lehonia to Milies (600 mm gauge)
- Attica Museum Railway Keratea and Kalivia (metre gauge)
- Thessaly Museum Railways Volos – Palaeofarsalos (metre gauge). A 10 km section between Velestino and Aerino was operated for a period by the museum railway, but the website does not show any recent services. The rest of the line is already out of use. There was a railway museum at Volos station but no recent information is available.
- Tempi valley railway: former main line (replaced by a new double track line) along the Tempi river, operated by motor draisines, with no scheduled timetable
The UrbanRail.Net site has a basic diagram of the system.
A driverless metro has been under construction in Thessaloniki for at least 23 years, opening is now promised in 2023. The UrbanRail.net map shows aspirations for the service, but what will be achieved initially is as yet unclear.
The UrbanRail.Net site has a basic diagram of the system.
Recent and future changes
Train services were withdrawn between [Florina] - Messonissia and Kremenica (North Macedonia) from an unknown date (but prior to 2004) owing to tensions between Greece and what was then FYROM (the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). Messonissia - Neos Kafkasos had been rebuilt by 2014. Reconstruction onwards across the border, and by MZ southwards from Bitola, was completed in 2019 but no traffic has passed.
A replacement route of approximately 21km is under construction between Polykastro and Idomeni which will eliminate an old river bridge and lengthy riverside section. Completion was expected in 2021 but a contract to modernise signalling, track and electrification on the entire line from Thessaloniki, scheduled to take three years, was awarded at the end of March 2022, so it will presumably not be finished until 2025 at the earliest.
In 2017 Patras city council decided to require that the Athens - Kiato - Aegion - Patras standard gauge line should run underground for 10 km from Rio, or bypass Patras altogether, rather than using the present metre gauge alignment. The present situation is unknown but the EU may demand that their funding is returned if the line is not built. At December 2022 there is no sign of any work on electrifying Kiato - Aegion.
There have been plans to revive parts of the Peloponnese narrow gauge network if proven viable, by means of joint ventures involving OSE, local authorities and businesses. However, a significant landslide has rendered the section between Zevgolateio and Korinthos unusable as all operable stock is to the west of Zevgolateio.
Train Service Changes in 2022
Train Service Changes in 2021
Trams commenced running between Neo Faliro and a loop in Piraeus via Agia Triada at the western end of the Athems tramway, on 15 December 2021. Trams resumed running between Neo and Palaio Faliro at the western end of the Athems tramway, after 10 months, on 20 January 2021 so restoring the system to its full extent. Work included preparing connections for the new extension to Piraeus.
Train Service Changes in 2020
Trams start running back to Syntagma Square in Athens on 20 November 2020, after some 2 years of closure between Kasomouli Street and Syntagma Square, due to issues with the dry River Ilissos bed the route was built over.
The Kiato - Aegion section of the Athens - Kiato - Aegion - Patras standard gauge line opened on 22 June 2020. As electrification work has not commenced this was with diesel traction.
The Patras suburban service was extended 30 km westwards to Kato Achaia from 29 February.
Train Service Changes in 2019
The old mountainous route between Ligaria (5 km north of Leianokladi) and Domokos closed on 25 January. The new line between Ligaria and Domokos, including the 6380 m twin-bore Othris tunnel, opened on 29 January albeit still with diesel haulage. The full service with electric haulage throughout started on 20 May.
Train Service Changes in 2018
The first short section of the Leianokladi - Domokos line, the 5 km between Leianokladi and Ligaria, opened on 21 April, replacing the old line entirely on this section.
The new Tithorea – Lianokladi line opened, much delayed, to freight on 2 February, with diesel traction. Following completion of electrification, passenger services started using the line from an unknown date in April. It is not known when all services over the old line ceased. However, after pressure from local authorities, a limited two pair service was reinstated over the old line from 17 July.
The Patras suburban service section between Rio and Agios Vasileios was bustituted from 15 May for conversion to standard gauge
From 7 March the line between Dikaia and Ormenio, on the Greek side of the Bulgarian border, was reopened to passengers.
A new Ano Liosia - SKA - Koropi service commenced on 24 February 2018 which reinstated use of the section from the junction West of SKA to the platforms.
Train Service Changes in 2017
From 30 July 2017 the Athens area suburban services were recast: the Airport to Kiato service was diverted into Athina (thus opening the SKA south to east curve to traffic) and split into two separate services. Alternate services from the Airport now run to the SKA low level platforms and terminate there. This resulted in the withdrawal of services between the SKA low level platforms and the junction with the south to west curve until an east west local service was reinstated on 24 February 2018.
A through Athina - Kiato service providing the first passenger service over the SKA south to west curve was introduced from an unknown date. This may have coincided with the changes above. Any information would be appreciated by the Compilers.
Since 25 May 2017 passengers on the service between Thessaloniki and Sofia have been taken by bus between Kulata and Strimon.
Train Service Changes in 2016
The Annual and only passenger services between Kalamata - Asprochoma - Messini each year between 20 - 28 September for the Messinian Feast and litany of the miraculous image of Virgin Mary of the Monastery of Voulkano Festival did not run due to a track washout. They have not run since.
Train Service Changes in 2015
With effect from 21 August 2015 trains to and from North Macedonia were withdrawn south of Gevgelija, owing to issues with migrants, and no longer entered Greece.
Train Service Changes in 2014
The daily Beograd - Skopje - Thessaloniki summer overnight and Thessaloniki - Sofia daytime services resumed on 10 May 2014.
From 31 March 2014, passenger services started running between Athens and Ano Liosia via a curve bypassing SKA (Acharnes Railway Center).
Train Service Changes in 2012
The Thessaloniki - Edessa - Aminteo - Florina line reopened on 14 October 2012.
A weekly summer-only service was reintroduced between Thessaloniki and Skopje (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, now North Macedonia) reportedly from 14 July 2012 to 30 September 2012.
Train Service Changes in 2011
All international services from Greece were discontinued from 13 February 2011. Since resumed, see above
The very bad financial situation in Greece caught up with OSE in December 2010. The following lines were closed to all traffic on 1 January 2011, although a few had already ceased operating by then:
- Patras - Kalamata
- Pyrgos - Olympia (since re-opened)
- Pyrgos - Katakolo (since re-opened)
- Isthmos - Loutraki (had already ceased)
- Diakopto - Kalavryta (was operating only irregularly but has since re-opened)
- Kalonero - Kyparissia
- Korinthos - Kalamata (was not operating between Tripoli and Zevgolateio)
- Korinthos - Korinthos standard gauge (narrow gauge shuttle assumed to close here - any evidence of a subsequent service would be appreciated)
- Argos - Nafplio
- Patras - Rio suburban service (since re-opened)
- Kalamata - Zevgolateio suburban service
- Thessaloniki - Edessa - Aminteo - Florina (since re-opened)
- Aminteo - Kozani
- Serres - Alexandroupolis - Pithio - Dikaia (since re-opened); trains from Ormenio to Bulgaria had already ceased.
- Thessaloniki - Idomeni (with the cross border international services ceasing on 13 February 2011)
- Strimon - Kulata (service ceased from 13 February 2011)
- Larissa - Volos (local trains) (since re-opened)
- Palaeofarsalos - Kalambaka (local trains) (since re-opened)
Train Service Changes in 2009
The one train each way between Dikaia and Svilengrad (Bulgaria) was withdrawn in August 2009.
There are various infrastructure improvements planned or in progress but completion dates for those underway have been missed by months, no doubt the Countries financial situation and protracted sale of OSE to FS not helping. This list is not thought to be complete and any updates would be appreciated by the Compilers
- Electrification of the Larisa - Volos and Palaiofarsalos - Kalambaka branches. Tenders may have been issued for this project.
- It is planned to put the 3.2 km northern exit from Athina main station underground and quadruple the line.
On 28 February 2018 ERGOSE issued an invitation to tender for upgrading and electrification of the previous metre gauge Isthmos - Loutraki line.
Other recent electrification includes the line to Athens Airport. An extension is planned from Koropi towards Lavrio. The airport line joins Metro Line 3 at Plakentias so Metro units change there from third rail DC to 25 kV AC overhead for the journey to the airport.
Now disused, but a metre gauge connection was built and services ran in at least 2007 from Korinthos ng station via a reversal in the Argos direction into a platform at the new Korinthos Standard gauge edge of town station.
The former metre gauge line between Palaeofarsalos and Kalambaka was converted to standard gauge in 2001. The metre gauge Palaeofarsalos - Volos line was closed to regular traffic on 19 June 1998. There were expectations of use by special trains, but there were very few and the line has now been lifted in several places.
Station names are usually shown in Roman script as well as in Greek, but spellings can vary considerably from what may appear in timetables, maps or guide books.