Germany - Older General Information

From EGTRE

Introduction

This document acts as an archive for Recent and Future Changes in the past.

General

Following the unification of Germany in 1990, the two railway systems Deutsche Bundesbahn (DB) and Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR) were amalgamated as a government-owned company, Deutsche Bahn AG (DB) on 1 January 1994.

In order to improve its poor financial position, DB has ceased operating Inter-Regio, semi-fast long distance services, loss-making part of DB Reise and Touristik. They were replaced by Regional Express trains, worked by DB Regio and subsidised by the Länder.

Openings

In the years following reunification, extensive work was undertaken to re-open lines across the former border between East and West Germany, and it is now extremely difficult to see where the border was. Most railways were rebuilt on their previous alignment, although the line from Stapelburg to Vienenburg was new, replacing that to Bad Harzburg. Unification resulted in major changes to the railway system in Berlin, as most lines that were severed by the wall were reinstated. An entirely new north-south main line was opened through the centre of Berlin, approximately on the course of the former Berlin Wall and serving the new Berlin Hbf, on the site of the former Lehrter Bf. Most former DR main lines have been entirely rebuilt and there have been several electrification schemes.

During the 1980s DB started building high speed lines, the first being from Hannover to Würzburg and Mannheim to Stuttgart. The high speed line between Lehrte and Berlin-Spandau was completed in 1998 followed by those from Köln to Frankfurt am Main, including a new station at Frankfurt Flughafen, and between Nürnberg and Ingolstadt.

2014
247 Dolni Poustevna ČD - Sebnitz 5 July
305 Uelzen W750 - Uelzen W23 (Veerßer Kurve) 15 April
482 Alsdorf Poststraße - Eschweiler-St.Jöris 15 June
2013
133 Kiel Hbf - Kiel Schulen am Langsee (one morning school train only) 30 August
459 Marienheide – Meinerzhagen 15 December
485 Lindern – Heinsberg (Rheinl.) 15 December
501 Leipzig Nord/Leipzig-Gohlis – Leipzig Hbf (tief) – Leipzig-Stötteritz/Leipzig-Connewitz 15 December
501.1 Leipzig Stötteritz – Leipzig Engelsdorf 15 December
710.41 Heilbronn Harmonie - Neckarsulm 15 December
976 [Ulm -] Senden - Weißenhorn 15 December
2012
703 [Müllheim(Baden) -] Neuenburg(Baden) - Mulhouse (France) (full service in lieu of the former seasonal service) 9 December
703 Bad Bellingen - Efringen-Kirchen via new Katzenberg tunnel 9 December
790.6 Maichingen - Renningen 9 December
2011
751 Laupheim West south curve 12 June
209.35 Bad Saarow - Bad Saarow Klinikum 24 October
482 [Herzogenrath -] Alsdorf-Annapark - Alsdorf-Mariadorf - Alsdorf-Poststraße 11 December
650.1 Darmstadt-Eberstadt - Pfungstadt 11 December
439 Brilon Wald - Brilon Stadt 11 December

2010

Sindelfingen - Maichingen 14 June
Burg (Fehmarn) station and the associated north and south curves 31 July
Gemünd - Schleiden - Hellenthal (tourist trains) 1 August
Olbernhau-Grünthal - Neuhausen now available for special trains. 13 November There is no likelihood of a regular service being reinstated
(Leipzig -) Weißig [Abzw. Leckwitz] - Böhla [Abzw. Kottewitz] (- Dresden) connection 12 December

2009

(Stolberg Hbf -) Eschweiler-Weisweiler - Langerwehe 14 June
Ueckermünde - Ueckermünde Stadthafen 15 August
Arnsdorf (bei Dresden) avoiding curve 4 October
Stuttgart S-Bahn: Plochingen - Kirchheim (Teck) 13 December
Eschwege West - Eschwege Niederhone new station - Eschwege 13 December

2008

(Schorndorf -) Rudersberg Nord - Rudersberg-Oberndorf 16 June
Ahlbeck Grenze - Swinoujscie (Dworzec Centrum) [PL]: (Usedomer Bäderbahn) 21 September
Ohlsdorf - Hamburg Airport 12 December
Pöppendorf - Travemünde Skandinavienkai new alignment 14 December

2007

Bayreuth - Weidenberg on 8 January

(Trier -) Perl [DE] - Apach [FR] (weekend only) on 10 June

Bremen Vegesack - Bremen Farge on 16 December

2006

Kassel trams: Helsa - Hessisch-Lichtenau (on former DB line) on 28 January

Berlin Hauptbahnhof/Lehrter Bahnhof low level together with new 9km north-south tunnel and Nürnberg - Ingolstadt Neubaustrecke on 28 May

Müllheim - Neuenburg [DE] - Mulhouse [FR] (Sunday-only service) on 9 July

Pockau-Lengefeld - Marienberg (Sachs) on 4 September

Traunreut - Hörpolding on 10 December

2005

Chemnitz - Burkhardtsdorf - Thalheim - Aue (following upgrade) on 15 January

Flöha - Olbernhau-Grünthal (after upgrade) on 29 January

Berlin S-Bahn: Lichterfelde - Teltow on 24 February

Neuruppin - Wittstock (Dosse) on 27 February

Dannenberg Ost - Lüchow (weekend trains) on 12 March

Frankenberg - Battenberg (Summer Saturdays) on 30 April

Osnabrück - Dissen-Bad Rothenfelde on 12 June

Heilbronn Pfühlpark - Öhringen (resumption of DB interregional services) on 10 December

Merkstein - Alsdorf-Annapark and Ilmenau - Ilmenau-Bad on 11 December

2004

Wemmetsweiler avoiding curve 6 February
Berlin-Zoologischer Garten - Charlottenburg (S-Bahn) 19 April
Kall - Gemünd (- Hellenthal) 10 May
Düren - Zülpich - Euskirchen (Summer Sundays only) 10 May
Köln/Bonn airport loop off Neubaustrecke 13 June
Grossbothen - Döbeln - Nossen 22 August
Stolberg Hbf - Eschweiler-Weisweiler 11 September
Schelklingen - Oberheutal - Münsingen - Gomadingen (- Kleinengstingen) 13 September
Karlsruhe light rail: Heilbronn-Harmonie - Pfühlpark (- Öhringen) 26 November
Herzogenrath - Merkstein (- Alsdorf) 12 December
Chemnitz - Niederwiesa - Frankenberg - Hainichen 12 December
Immendingen - Hintschingen - Leipferdingen - Zollhaus-Blumberg 12 December

2003

Bad Schussenried - Bad Schussenried Kloster (summer Sunday trains) 13 April
Gummersbach - Marienheide 29 April
Berlin S-Bahn: Schönhauser Allee - Bornholmer Strasse new alignment 16 June
Flughafen Leipzig-Halle - Gröbers (- Halle Hbf) 30 June
Hüfingen - Bräunlingen 30 June
Seligenstadt (bei Würzburg) - Prosselsheim - Volkach-Astheim tourist railway 13 September
Bad Wildbad Bf - Bad Wildbad Kurpark 5 October
Schifferstadt avoiding line (Ludwigshafen - Neustadt) 19 November
New Egge tunnel (Altenbeken - Kassel) 14 December
Offenbach Ost - Offenbach-Bieber - Rödermark-Ober Roden/Dietzenbach Bahnhof 14 December
Brilon Wald - Korbach Süd 14 December

2002

Jülich - Linnich on 9 June

Westhafen - Wedding - Gesundbrunnen (completing the Berlin S-Bahn Innenring restoration) and Müncheberg (Mark) - Buckow (Märkische Schweiz) (tourist trains) on 15 June

Leer - Weener DB - Nieuweschans NS on 16 June

Köln - Montabaur - Frankfurt Flughafen Fernbahnhof (high-speed line) on 1 August

Cottbus - Cottbus-Willmersdorf - Peitz Ost (- Guben) on 13 August

The following lines (re)opened on 15 December:

  • Altchemnitz - Stollberg: after conversion to electric light rail
  • (Gotha -) Crawinkel - Gräfenroda
  • (Leipzig Hbf -) Neuwiederitzsch-Leipziger Messe - Flughafen Leipzig-Halle
  • Eisfeld - Rauenstein (Thüringen) - Sonneberg (Thüringen) Hbf
  • Neumünster - Bad Segeberg
  • Pforzheim - Bad Wildbad Bf (- Bad Wildbad Kurpark): after electrification
  • Rottenbach - Obstfelderschmiede - Mellenbach-Glasbach - Katzhütte
  • Sonneberg (Thür) Hbf - Lauscha - Ernstthal - Neuhaus-am-Rennweg

2001

Dresden Klotzsche - Grenzstraße - Dresden Flughafen (new line) 24 March
Nördlingen - Dinkelsbühl (tourist trains; Bayerisches Eisenbahnmuseum) 7 April
Monsheim - Marnheim - Langmeil (Pfalz): summer weekend trains 26 May
Stolberg Hbf - Stolberg-Altstadt (formerly Stolberg-Hammer) 9 June
Berlin: Abzw Eichgestell - Wuhlheide Rbf - Biesdorfer Kreuz 10 June
Kassel trams: Kaufungen-Papierfabrik - Helsa (on former DB line) 10 June
Ramsen - Eiswoog (Rheinland-Pfalz): summer weekend trains 10 June
Neuenmarkt-Wirsberg avoiding curve 10 June?
Jülich - Linnich 10 June?
Kaisersesch - Daun - Gerolstein: summer weekend trains 16 June
Bremerhaven-Speckenbüttel - Bederkesa: summer Sunday tourist trains 24 June
Karlsruhe light rail: Heilbronn Hbf - Heilbronn Stadtmitte - Harmonie 21 July
Berlin S-Bahn: Gesundbrunnen - Bornholmer Strasse - Pankow 17 September
Berlin S-Bahn: Gesundbrunnen - Schönhauser Allee (Innenring) 17 September
Stuttgart S-Bahn: Flughafen - Filderstadt 29 September
Essen light rail: Altenessen Bf - Gelsenkirchen-Fischerstrasse 30 September
Berlin: Biesdorfer Kreuz Nord - Biesdorfer Kreuz Süd 3 November
Gronau (Westfalen) DB - Glanerbrug NS - Enschede 18 November

2000

The following lines opened on 28 May:

  • Dresden: Neucoswig - Radebeul-Naundorf
  • Düren - Distelrath: experimental summer Sunday service
  • Klingenthal DB - Hranicna CD
  • Kremmen - Neuruppin Rheinsberger Tor
  • Langenhagen - Hannover Flughafen
  • Magdeburg-Sudenburg - Magdeburg-Buckau
  • Neuruppin Rheinsberger Tor - Herzberg (Mark)
  • Röderau - Zeithain Bogendreieck
  • Züssow - Wolgast Hafen - Wolgaster Fähre

Seasonal services between Niebüll DB and Tønder DSB started on 2 July.

Mayen West - Kaisersesch on 6 August 2000

Closures

There were extensive cuts in the passenger network in West Germany during the 1970s and 1980s, mainly involving little-used rural lines. This has largely come to an end and some railways are reopening. The former DDR had a public transport system appropriate for a population where the level of car ownership was very low, and most vehicles were unsuitable for long journeys. As a result traffic has fallen away severely on many local lines, and large numbers have closed. Poor infrastructure has also forced closure, and some train services have been withdrawn at very short notice.

The poorer, Eastern Länder cannot easily afford to support rail services. There have been particularly extensive closures in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (one of the least-populated parts of Germany) and Brandenburg. Sachsen has a stated preference for bus services in rural areas, and lines in this Land are particularly at risk.

2014
218 Pratau – Bad Schmiedeberg Kurzentrum (A summer weekend service continues to operate) 31 December
517 Cranzahl – Vejprty (Czech Republic) (A summer weekend service continues to operate) 14 December
588 Merseburg – Schafstädt 14 December

The København - Basel/Amsterdam/Praha overnight service was withdrawn on 1 November 2014

2013
519 Pockau-Lengefeld – Marienberg (Sachs.) 15 December

The following lines closed on 9 December 2012:

183 Rostock Hbf – Rostock Seehafen Nord
539 Adorf (Vogtl.) – Zwotental

Pockau-Lenegefeld - Marienberg closed to passengers on 23 July 1998.

See also