Border Crossings: Germany - Netherlands

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Vetschau DB - Simpelveld NS (- Schin op Geul)

[D] This is part of the line used by passenger trains between Aachen and Maastricht until they were diverted to run to Heerlen via Herzogenrath. The junction at Aachen West has been removed. Zuid Limburgse Stoomtrein Maatschappij now runs tourist steam trains between Schin op Geul and Kerkrade via Simpelveld, in addition to a branch service from Simpelveld over the border to Vetschau.

(Aachen -) Herzogenrath DB - Landgraaf NS (- Heerlen)

[D] The Aachen - Heerlen passenger service is operated by Euregiobahn, a subsidiary of DB. This crossing replaced Aachen West - Simpelveld [Maastricht] on 31 May 1992 - see previous item. Work started in April 2018 to electrify Herzogenrath - Landgraaf, with electric services starting in December 2018.

(Mönchengladbach -) Dalheim DB - Roermond NS

[D] This line, the so-called "Iron Rhine Route", is proposed for reopening for freight trains between Belgium and Germany.

(Mönchengladbach -) Kaldenkirchen DB - Venlo NS

[E*] Eurobahn works passenger services to Venlo; there are very few through services. Voltage switching is provided in Venlo station area.

(Kleve -) Kranenburg DB - Groesbeek NS - Nijmegen

Line closed. However, Grenzland Draisine, based at Kranenburg, offers the Grenzenlose trip to Groesbeek (5.5 km one way). See Netherlands - Tourist_Lines.

Emmerich DB - Zevenaar NS (- Arnhem or Kijfhoek)

[E*] NS works to Emmerich. ICE services, worked by dual-system units, run non-stop between Arnhem and Oberhausen. Abellio Rail NRW runs a local service between Arnhem and Düsseldorf. The freight-only 25 kV ac Betuwe line from Kijfhoek yard joins the Arnhem line just east of Zevenaar station, and Zevenaar Oost - Emmerich was converted from 1.5 kV dc to 25 kV ac in 2016.

Borken DB - Winterswijk NS

Line closed.

Gronau (Westf) DB - Enschede NS (- Hengelo)

[DE] This railway re-opened for advertised passenger traffic on 18 November 2001 (formal opening was on 16 November). There is no through running connection between this line and the NS network at Enschede, so there is no freight traffic; all trains are operated by DB.

Bad Bentheim DB - Oldenzaal NS (- Hengelo)

[E*] NS works the two-hourly IC services between Amsterdam and Berlin with electric locomotives as far as Bad Bentheim, where various tracks have switchable catenary. Keolis' German subsidiary Eurobahn operates an hourly Hengelo - Bad Bentheim - Bielefeld service. The previous local 'Grensland Express' service between Bad Bentheim and Hengelo was withdrawn owing to lack of patronage.

(Bad Bentheim -) Laarwald BE - Coevorden BE

[D] The Bentheimer Eisenbahn AG owns and operates this freight line.

(Leer -) Weener DB - Nieuweschans NS (- Groningen)

[D] Temporarily closed.

Passenger services between Leer and Groningen are operated by Arriva. This line was rebuilt in 2001; previously, this line was temporarily closed whenever a particularly large new vessel was being delivered from the Meyer Werft shipyard www.meyerwerft.com at Papenburg, because this required the main span of the railway bridge over the River Ems at Weener to be removed.

The lifting span of the Ems bridge was destroyed when hit by a ship on 3 December 2015. Direct passenger services between Leer and Groningen are currently operated by bus whilst trains run as far as Weener. Deutsche Bahn and the local authorities have published proposals for a long swing bridge, one of the largest in Europe with a length of 160 m. It would provide a 71 m channel for shipping, wider than the 46 m of the old bridge thus enabling larger cruise ships to be built at the shipyard, and planned to open in 2024.

See also